[COOK, James.] JEFFERYS, Thomas.

The North-American Pilot

£75,000

The North-American Pilot
for Newfoundland, Labradore, the Gulf and River St. Laurence: being a collection of sixty accurate charts and plans, drawn from original surveys: taken by James Cook and Michael Lane, Surveyors, and Joseph Gilbert, and other Officers in the King’s Service…
London, Sayer & Bennett, 1775

In stock

Description

Extremely rare. Published in the year of Cook’s return to England from his Second Voyage, this is the first issue of the complete edition of the survey of Newfoundland and Labrador which he carried out in 1760s. These incredibly detailed and accurate charts, along with his skills as a navigator, were largely responsible for Cook being given command of the Endeavour, which took him on his first circumnavigation.

Samuel Holland, the first Surveyor General of British North America, gives an insight into Cook’s surveying work in North America: ‘…whenever I could get a moment of time from my duty, I was on board the Pembroke where the great cabin, dedicated to scientific purposes and mostly taken up with a drawing table, furnished no room for idlers. Under Capt. Simcoe’s eye, Mr. Cook and myself compiled materials for a Chart of the Gulf and River St. Lawrence, which plan at his decease was dedicated to Sir Charles Saunders; with no other alterations than what Mr. Cook and I made coming up up the River. Another chart of the River, including Chaleur and Gaspe Bays, mostly taken from plans in Admiral Durell’s possession, was compiled and drawn … and sent … for immediate publication to Mr. Thos. Jeffrey [sic], predecessor to Mr. Faden’ (Beaglehole, The Life of Captain James Cook, p36.

The leading cartographical engraver of his day, Jefferys held the titles of ‘Geographer to the King’ and ‘Engraver, Geographer to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales’. He went bankrupt in 1765, some six years before his death, at which time Robert Sayer acquired a large part of his interests. In partnership with Bennet, he published much of Jefferys’ remaining work posthumously, including The North-American Pilot, first issued at the start of the American Revolutionary War.

The maps are as follows:
I. A General Chart of Newfoundland, 10 May, 1770 (double-page engraved chart);
II. A Chart of the Banks of Newfoundland, 25 March, 1775 (double-page engraved chart);
III. A Chart of the South East Part of Newfoundland, 10 May, 1770 (double-page engraved chart);
IV. Trinity Harbour, Carboniere & Harbour Grace, and St John’s Harbour, 10 May, 1770 (single-sheet engraved chart);
V. The Harbour of Trepassey, The Road & Harbour of Placentia, and St Mary’s Harbour, 10 May, 1770 (single-sheet engraved chart);
VI. Chart of Part of the South Coast of Newfoundland, 10 May, 1774 (large folding double-page engraved chart, with additional piece to Fortune Bay);
VII. A New Map of Nova Scotia & Cape Breton (double-page engraved chart);
VIII. The Island of Sable, 10 May, 1770 (single-sheet engraved chart);
IX. A Chart of the Harbour of Halifax, 25 March, 1775 (double-page engraved chart);
X. A Draught of the Gut of Canto, A Plan of Port Dauphin, and A Plan of Murgain or Cow Bay, 25 March, 1775 (single-sheet engraved chart);
XI. A Chart of the Gulf of St Laurence, 25 March, 1775 (double-page engraved chart);
XII. A Chart of the Magdalen Islands (single-sheet engraved chart);
XIII. A Map of the Island of St John, 6 April, 1774 (double-page engraved chart);
XIV. A Plan of Chaleur Bay, 25 March, 1775 (large single-sheet engraved chart);
XV. A Plan of Ristigouche Harbour, 25 March, 1775 (large single-sheet engraved chart);
XVI. A Chart of the West Coast of Newfoundland, 10 May, 1770 (large double-page folding engraved chart);
XVII. A Chart of the Straits of Bellisle, 10 May, 1770 (double-page folding engraved chart);
XVIII. A Chart of Part of the Coast of Labrador…, 10 May, 1770 (double-page engraved chart);
XIX. A Chart of Part of the Coast of Labrador…, 10 May, 1770 (double-page engraved chart); and
XX. / XXI. / XX. A New Chart of the River St Laurence, 16 February, 1775 (double-page folding engraved charts).

Description

First edition. Large folio, 22 engraved charts, many double-page or folding, some with inset plans, with title page (verso blank) and 2 pp. text. Contemporary half-calf, joints repaired, marbled boards, within a morocco-backed drop-back box, spine lettered in gilt.

Bibliography

Beddie, 1938; Tooley, p335; Worms & Baynton-Williams, British Map Engravers, p350.

 

Stock ID: 97351